Clinical Info


  1. Meyer, W. Schmieden, V. Biers Hyperemic Treatment. Philadelphia and London: WB Saunders Company; 1908:78-153.

  2. Wustmann O, Ulrich HC. German Patent Specification. Appliance for the drainage of wounds. No. 847 475 Class 30 k Group 17 04. 1952.

  3. The Kremlin papers: A collection of published studies complementing the research and innovation of wound care. Vestnik Khirurgii. 1986-1991

  4. Kostiuchenok II, Kolker VA, Karlov VA. The vacuum effect in the surgical treatment of purulent wounds. Vestnik Khirurgii. 1986;9:18–21.

  5. Davydov YA, Malafeeva AP, Smirnov AP. Vacuum therapy in the treatment of purulent lactation mastitis. Vestnik Khirurgii. 1986;9:66–70.

  6. Usupov YN, Yepifanov MV. Active wound drainage. Vestnik Khirugii. 1987;4:42-45.

  7. Davydov YA, Larichev KG, et al.: The bacteriological and cytological assessment of vacuum therapy of purulent wound. Vestnik Khirugii. 1988;10: 48–52.

  8. Davydov, YA; Larichev KG, Abramov AY. Concepts for clinical biological management of the wound process in the treatment of purulent wounds using vacuum therapy. Vestnik Khirugii. 1991;2:132–135.

  9. Chariker ME, Jeter KF, Tintle TE. Effective management of incisional and cutaneous fistulae with closed suction wound drainage. Contemporary Surgery. 1989;34:59–63.

  10. Argenta LC, Morykwas MJ. Vacuum-assisted closure: A new method of wound control and treatment: Clinical Experience. Annals of Plastic Surgery 1997;38:563-577.

  11. Webb, LX. New Techniques in Wound Management: Vacuum-Assisted Wound Closure. Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons Sept/Oct 2002;10(5):303-310.

  12. Wackenfors A, Sjögren J, Gustafsson R, Algotsson L, Ingemansson R, Malmsjö M. Effects of vacuum-assisted closure on inguinal wound edge microvascular blood flow. Wound Repair and Regeneration. 2004 Nov-Dec;12(6):600-6

  13. Angelique M. Reitsma, M.D. and George T. Rhodeheaver, Ph.D. Effectiveness of a New Antimicrobial Gauze Dressing as a Bacterial Barrier; University of Virginia Health System, Charlottesville, Virginia. 9/2001. Available online.

  14. Glenda J. Motta, RN, MPH, ET, President, GM Associates, Inc., Mitchellville, MD; Lisa Q. Corbett, APRN, MSN, CWCN, Connecticut Clinical Nursing Associates; Impact Of An Antimicrobial Gauze Upon Bacterial Colonies in Wounds That Require Packing. Ostomy Wound Management August 2004;50(8):48-62

  15. Diane L. Krasner, PhD, RN, CWOCN, CWS, FAAN, Managing Wound Pain in Patients with Vacuum-Assisted Closure Devices, Ostomy/Wound Management. May 2002;48(5):38 – 43

  16. Bryant, Ruth A., Chronic Wounds, 2nd edition, Mosby;2000:230

  17. Meyer W, Schmieden, V. Bier's Hyperemic Treatment in Surgery, Medicine, and the Specialties A Manual of Its Practical Application. 2nd ed. Philadelphia and London: W. B. Saunders Company; 1909.

  18. Svedman, et al, A Dressing System Providing Fluid Supply and Suction Drainage used for Continuous or Intermittent Irrigation. Annals of Plastic Surgery. Aug 1986; 17 (2):125-33.

  19. Zamierowski D. United States Patent. Wound Dressing and Treatment Method. No. 4969880. 1990.

  20. Fleischmann W. et al., Vacuum sealing as treatment of soft tissue damage in open fractures. Unfallchirurg. 1993 Sep;96 (9): 488-92.

  21. Wackenfors A, Sjögren J, Gustafsson R, Algotsson L, Ingemansson R, Malmsjö M. Blood flow responses in the peristernal thoracic wall during vacuum-assisted closure therapy. Annals of Thoracic Surgery 2005;79:1724-31.

  22. Zarogen A. Nutritional assessment and intervention in the person with a chronic wound. In: Krasner DL, Rodeheaver GT, Sibbald RG, eds. Chronic Wound Care: A Clinical Source Book for Healthcare Professionals, 3rd ed. Wayne, PA: Health Management Publications, 2001;117-126.

  23. Barker DE, Kaufman HJ, Smith LA, et al. Vacuum pack technique of temporary abdominal closure: A 7-year experience with 112 patients. J Trauma 2000;48(2):201-206.

  24. Morykwas MJ, Argenta LC, Shelton-Brown EI, et al. Vacuum assisted closure: a new method for wound control and treatment: animal studies and basic foundation. Annals of Plastic Surgery 1997;38(6)553-562.

  25. Philbeck TE, Whittington KT, Millsap MH, et al. The clinical and cost effectiveness of externally applied negative pressure wound therapy in the treatment of wounds in home healthcare Medicare patients. Ostomy Wound Management 1999;45(11):41-50.







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